Pathway Details

 Recommended name Carotenoid biosynthesis
 Alternative names
 Reactions
O2 + Reduced acceptor + Neurosporene <-> 2 H2O + Acceptor + Lycopene
Lycopene <-> gamma-Carotene
beta-Carotene <-> Echinenone
Violaxanthin <-> Neoxanthin
Neoxanthin <-> 9'-cis-Neoxanthin
Violaxanthin <-> 9-cis-Violaxanthin
9'-cis-Neoxanthin <-> 9-cis-Violaxanthin
O2 + 9'-cis-Neoxanthin <-> Xanthoxin + C25-Allenic-apo-aldehyde
O2 + 9-cis-Violaxanthin <-> Xanthoxin + C25-Epoxy-apo-aldehyde
Xanthoxin <-> Xanthoxic acid
Xanthoxic acid <-> Abscisate
Abscisic aldehyde <-> Abscisic alcohol
Abscisate <-> Abscisic alcohol
delta-Carotene <-> alpha-Carotene
delta-Carotene <-> Lycopene
H2O + O2 + Abscisic aldehyde <-> H2O2 + Abscisate
Prephytoene diphosphate <-> Diphosphate + Phytoene
H+ + NADPH + O2 + Antheraxanthin <-> H2O + NADP+ + Violaxanthin
H+ + NADPH + O2 + Zeaxanthin <-> H2O + NADP+ + Antheraxanthin
L-Ascorbate + Violaxanthin <-> H2O + Dehydroascorbate + Antheraxanthin
Antheraxanthin <-> Capsanthin
Violaxanthin <-> Capsorubin
L-Ascorbate + Antheraxanthin <-> H2O + Dehydroascorbate + Zeaxanthin
H+ + NADPH + O2 + Abscisate <-> H2O + NADP+ + 8'-Hydroxyabscisate
NAD+ + Xanthoxin <-> NADH + H+ + Abscisic aldehyde
H2O + Neurosporene <-> 1-Hydroxyneurosporene
H2O + Lycopene <-> 1-Hydroxylycopene
H2O + Spheroidene <-> Hydroxyspheroidene
 Classification
Metabolism of Terpenoids and Polyketides
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